3 近代のメディアの幕開けと近代知の集成−西洋を舞台に−


[3-08] Cyclopaedia: or, an Universal dictionary of arts and sciences, containing the definitions of the terms, and accounts of the things signify'd thereby, in the several arts, both liberal and mechanical, and the several sciences, human and divine:the figures, kinds, properties,productions,preparations, and uses, of things natural artificial; the rise, progress, and state of things ecclesiastical, civil, military, and commercial: with the several systems, sects, opinions, &c. among philosophers, divines, mathematicians, physicians, antiquaries, criticks, &c. The whole intended as a course of antient and modern learnings. Compiled from the best authors, dictionaries, journals, memoirs, transactions, ephemerides, &c. in several languages. In two volumes. By E. Chambers. London, printed for James and John Knapton, etc., M.DCC.XXVIII. [033-C-32] Suppl., 2 vol.(1753)[033-C-32-S]


 E.チェンバーズ『百科事典』初版 2冊、補遺2冊。この辞書の翻訳に端を発して 『百科全書』が生まれた。J.ハリスの『技術事典』[復刻版033-H-33]、T.ダイチの 『新一般英語辞典』[復刻版833.1-D99]とともに、近代の百科事典成立に寄与した。

[3-09] Encyclopaedia Britannica; or, a Dictionary of arts and sciences, compiled upon a new plan. In which the different sciences and arts are digested into distinct treaties or systems; and the various technical terms, &c. are explained as they occur in the order of the alphabet. By a Society of Gentlemen in Scotland. Edingbugh, printed for A. Bell and C.Macfarquhar, 1768-71. 3 vol. [035-E-58]


 『ブリタニカ百科事典』初版 全3冊。本文解説を参照のこと。